To help recognize a concussion, you should watch for the following two things among your athletes:
A forceful bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that results in rapid movement of the head.
Any change in the athlete’s behavior, thinking, or physical functioning.
Athletes who experience any of the signs and symptoms listed below after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body should be kept out of play the day of the injury and until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating for concussion, says they are symptom-free and it’s OK to return to play.
|Signs Observed by Coaching Staff
||Symptoms Reported by Athlete
|Appears dazed or stunned
||Headache or “pressure” in head
|Is confused about assignment or position
||Nausea or vomiting
|Forgets an instruction
||Balance problems or dizziness
|Is unsure of game, score, or opponent
||Double or blurry vision
||Sensitivity to light
|Answers questions slowly
||Sensitivity to noise
|Loses consciousness (even briefly)
||Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy
|Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes
||Concentration or memory problems
|Can’t recall events prior to hit or fall
|Can’t recall events after hit or fall
||Does not “feel right” or is “feeling down”
Remember, you can’t see a concussion and some athletes may not experience and/or report symptoms until hours or days after the injury. Most people with a concussion will recover quickly and fully. But for some people, signs and symptoms of concussion can last for days, weeks, or longer.